Safe Room Design
KFC Engineering has extensive experience in the design of FEMA-361-rated and ICC-500-rated storm shelters across Oklahoma. We have developed a consistent design methodology for safe room construction using various structural systems including reinforced & full-grouted CMU, cast-in-place concrete, precast concrete, tilt-wall concrete and insulating concrete forms.
Peer Review of Safe Room Design
KFC Engineering conducts Chapter 3 Peer Reviews of storm shelters designed by others in accordance with ICC-500-2008 and ICC-500-2014.
Best Available Refuge Area Assessments
KFC Engineering’s staff has comprehensive experience in the qualitative assessment of existing facilities for the purpose of determining Best Available Refuge Areas** based on procedures outlined in FEMA-361, FEMA-P-431 and FEMA-BARA Checklist.
For each facility studied, KFC:
- Performs a review of available record drawings
- Conducts on-site visits to confirm construction
- Observes the surrounding environment to determine potential sources of wind-borne debris
- Completes FEMA-BARA Checklist to develop qualitative score
- Identifies areas of concern not covered by checklist
- Provides a written assessment of recommended refuge areas
- Provides plans defining the best areas of refuge in the facility assuming a no-run-time scenario and based on client provided occupant count
**Best Available Refuge Areas are defined in FEMA P-431: Tornado Protection – Selecting Refuge Area in Buildings as follows: ” The term best available refuge areas refers to areas in an existing building that have been deemed by a qualified architect or engineer to likely offer the greatest safety for building occupants during a tornado. It is important to note that, because these areas were not specifically designed as tornado safe rooms, their occupants may be injured or killed during a tornado. However, people in the best available refuge areas are less likely to be injured or killed than people in other areas of a building.”